o-rings and seals

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Home > O-ring, Seal Failure Analysis > Part 2

O-ring and Seal Failure Part 2

Chemical Degradation, Thermal Degradation and Explosive Decompression

 

Chemical Degradation

Description: The o-ring or seal may exhibit many signs of degradation including blisters, cracks, voids or discoloration. In some cases, the degradation is observable only by measurement of physical properties.

Contributing Factors: Incompatibility with the chemical and/or thermal environment.

Suggested Solutions: Selection of more chemically resistant elastomer.

chemical degradation

 

Thermal Degradation

Description: The o-ring or seal may exhibit radial cracks located on the highest temperature surfaces. In addition, certain elastomers may exhibit signs of softening-a shiny surface as a result of excessive temperatures.

Contributing Factors: Elastomer thermal properties. Excessive temperature excursions or cycling.

Suggested Solutions: Selection of an elastomer with improved thermal stability. Evaluation of the possibility of cooling sealing surfaces.

thermal degradation

 

Explosive Decompression

Description: The o-ring or seal exhibits blisters, pits or pocks on its surface. Absorption of gas at high pressure and the subsequent rapid decrease in pressure. The absorbed gas blisters and ruptures the elastomer surface as the pressure is rapidly removed.

Contributing Factors: Rapid pressure changes. Low-modulus/ hardness elastomer.

Suggested Solutions: Higher-modulus/hardness elastomer. Slower decompression (release of pressure).

explosive decompression

Next Topic Plasma Degradation, Contamination and Abrasion

 

 

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